U. S. Constitution Facts & Figures Quiz

Pick from the numbers above to fill in the blanks in sentences about the Constitution.
The Constitution of the United States was signed on September **17**, 1787, by 39 members of the Constitutional Congress. The Constitution of the United States has just **7** articles and 27 amendments. **12** states attended the Constitutional Convention which created a new constitution or design for government. The Constitution provides for **3** separate branches of government in order to avoid tyranny. A system of checks and balances allows each branch to prevent abuses of power by another. The Constitution specifies that the legislative branch of the government consists of **2** parts, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Article 1 of the Constitution specifies that the Senate be made up of 2 Senators from each state, who each serve **6**-year terms. The President, who heads the executive branch of the government, is required by the Constitution to be at least **35** years old. In order for the new Constitution to come into effect, it had to be ratified by **9** of the 13 states. The first **10** amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights. Today there are a total of **27** amendments to the Constitution. The **1**st Amendment to the Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, speech, the press, assembly and the right to petition. The **13**th Amendment, which came into effect in 1865, abolished slavery. The **16**th Amendment, which came into effect in 1913, established the federal income tax. Prohibition of alcoholic beverages was established by the **18**th amendment in 1919. It was repealed by the 21st amendment in 1933. Women were not guaranteed the right to vote until 1920, when the **19**th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified.

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